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Cache

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Upgrade to the latest version (โ‰ฅ 1.0.0) to use this feature.

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In most cases, you shouldn't directly write to the cache, which might cause undefined behaviors of SWR. If you need to manually mutate a key, please consider using the SWR APIs.
See also: Mutation, Reset Cache Between Test Cases.

By default, SWR uses a global cache to store and share data across all components. But you can also customize this behavior with the provider option of SWRConfig.

Cache providers are intended to enable SWR with more customized storages.

Cache Provider

A cache provider is Map-like object which matches the following TypeScript definition (which can be imported from swr):

interface Cache<Data> {
get(key: string): Data | undefined
set(key: string, value: Data): void
delete(key: string): void
}

For example, a JavaScript Map instance can be directly used as the cache provider for SWR.

Create Cache Provider

The provider option of SWRConfig receives a function that returns a cache provider. The provider will then be used by all SWR hooks inside that SWRConfig boundary. For example:

import useSWR, { SWRConfig } from 'swr'
function App() {
return (
<SWRConfig value={{ provider: () => new Map() }}>
<Page/>
</SWRConfig>
)
}

All SWR hooks inside <Page/> will read and write from that Map instance. You can also use other cache provider implementations as well for your specific use case.

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In the example above, when the <App/> component is re-mounted, the provider will also be re-creacted. Cache providers should be put higher in the component tree, or outside of render.

When nested, SWR hooks will use the upper-level cache provider. If there is no upper-level cache provider, it fallbacks to the default cache provider, which is an empty Map.

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If a cache provider is used, the global mutate will not work for SWR hooks under that <SWRConfig> boundary. Please use this instead.

Access Current Cache Provider

When inside a React component, you need to use the useSWRConfig hook to get access to the current cache provider as well as other configurations including mutate:

import { useSWRConfig } from 'swr'
function Avatar() {
const { cache, mutate, ...extraConfig } = useSWRConfig()
// ...
}

If it's not under any <SWRConfig>, it will return the default configurations.

Experimental: Extend Cache Provider

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This is an experimental feature, the behavior might change in future upgrades.

When multiple <SWRConfig> components are nested, cache provider can be extended.

The first argument for the provider function is the cache provider of the upper-level <SWRConfig> (or the default cache if there's no parent <SWRConfig>), you can use it to extend the cache provider:

<SWRConfig value={{ provider: (cache) => newCache }}>
...
</SWRConfig>

Examples

Mutate Multiple Keys from RegEx

With the flexibility of the cache provider API, you can even build a "partial mutation" helper.

In the example below, matchMutate can receive a regex expression as key, and be used to mutate the ones who matched this pattern.

function useMatchMutate() {
const { cache, mutate } = useSWRConfig()
return (matcher, ...args) => {
if (!(cache instanceof Map)) {
throw new Error('matchMutate requires the cache provider to be a Map instance')
}
const keys = []
for (const key of cache.keys()) {
if (matcher.test(key)) {
keys.push(key)
}
}
const mutations = keys.map((key) => mutate(key, ...args))
return Promise.all(mutations)
}
}

Then inside your component:

function Button() {
const matchMutate = useMatchMutate()
return <button onClick={() => matchMutate(/^\/api\//)}>
Revalidate all keys start with "/api/"
</button>
}
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Note that this example requires the cache provider to be a Map instance.

LocalStorage Based Persistent Cache

You might want to sync your cache to localStorage. Here's an example implementation:

function localStorageProvider() {
// When initializing, we restore the data from `localStorage` into a map.
const map = new Map(JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('app-cache') || '[]'))
// Before unloading the app, we write back all the data into `localStorage`.
window.addEventListener('beforeunload', () => {
const appCache = JSON.stringify(Array.from(map.entries()))
localStorage.setItem('app-cache', appCache)
})
// We still use the map for write & read for performance.
return map
}

Then use it as a provider:

<SWRConfig value={{ provider: localStorageProvider }}>
<App/>
</SWRConfig>
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As an improvement, you can also use the memory cache as a buffer, and write to localStorage periodically. You can also implement a similar layered cache with IndexedDB or WebSQL.

Reset Cache Between Test Cases

When testing your application, you might want to reset the SWR cache between test cases. You can simply wrap you application with an empty cache provider. Here's an example with Jest:

describe('test suite', async () => {
it('test case', async () => {
render(
<SWRConfig value={{ provider: () => new Map() }}>
<App/>
</SWRConfig>
)
})
})

Access to the Cache

Alert: you should not write to the cache directly, it might cause undefined behavior.

const { cache } = useSWRConfig()
cache.get(key) // Get the current data for a key.
cache.clear() // โš ๏ธ Clear all the cache. SWR will revalidate upon re-render.