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TypeScript

SWR is friendly for apps written in TypeScript, with type safety out of the box.

Basic Usage

By default, SWR will also infer the argument types of fetcher from key, so you can have the preferred types automatically.

useSWR

// `key` is inferred to be `string`
useSWR('/api/user', key => {})
useSWR(() => '/api/user', key => {})

// `key` will be inferred as { a: string; b: { c: string; d: number } }
useSWR({ a: '1', b: { c: '3', d: 2 } }, key => {})
useSWR(() => { a: '1', b: { c: '3', d: 2 } }, key => {})

// `arg0` will be inferred as string.  `arg1` will be inferred as number
useSWR(['user', 8], (arg0, arg1) => {})
useSWR(() => ['user', 8], (arg0, arg1) => {})

You can also explicitly specify the types for key and fetcher's arguments.

import useSWR, { Key, Fetcher } from 'swr'

const uid: Key = '<user_id>'
const fetcher: Fetcher<User, string> = (id) => getUserById(id)

const { data } = useSWR(uid, fetcher)
// `data` will be `User | undefined`.

useSWRInfinite

Same for swr/infinite, you can either rely on the automatic type inference or explicitly specify the types by yourself.

import { SWRInfiniteKeyLoader } from 'swr/infinite'

const getKey: SWRInfiniteKeyLoader = (index, previousPageData) => {
  // ...
}

const { data } = useSWRInfinite(getKey, fetcher)

Generics

Specifying the type of data is easy. By default, it will use the return type of fetcher (with undefined for the non-ready state) as the data type, but you can also pass it as a parameter:

// 🔹 A. Use a typed fetcher:
// `getUser` is `(endpoint: string) => User`.
const { data } = useSWR('/api/user', getUser)

// 🔹 B. Specify the data type:
// `fetcher` is generally returning `any`.
const { data } = useSWR<User>('/api/user', fetcher)

If you want to add types for other options of SWR, you can also import those types directly:

import useSWR from 'swr'
import type { SWRConfiguration } from 'swr'

const config: SWRConfiguration = {
  fallbackData: "fallback",
  revalidateOnMount: false
  // ...
}

const { data } = useSWR<string[]>('/api/data', fetcher, config)

Middleware Types

There're some extra type definitions you can import to help adding types to your custom middleware.

import useSWR, { Middleware, SWRHook } from 'swr'

const swrMiddleware: Middleware = (useSWRNext: SWRHook) => (key, fetcher, config) => {
  // ...
  return useSWRNext(key, fetcher, config)
}
Last updated on August 1, 2022